Copyright can be defined as a type of intellectual property that gives its owner the exclusive right to copy, distribute, adapt, display, and perform a creative work, usually for a limited time. The creative work may be in a literary, artistic, educational, or musical form
It is very important for authors to understand copyright ownership, not just for their own work but also when using the work of others.
Fair use provides conditions under which limited distribution of copyrighted materials is allowed. "If you have any doubt about whether or not the work you want to use is covered under fair use, contact the copyright holder before using the work. When using a copyrighted work, get the original version legally and be sure to follow any additional instructions the copyright holder has for you, including how to cite the work." (Purdue OWL)
Copyright ownership allows the owner to:
reproduce the work,
present the work,
adapt and modify the work,
publish the work.
When you publish a paper in a traditional journal, you typically sign a copyright transfer form (link to form), which means that you transfer the copyright over to the journal
Assigning the copyright enables the publisher to:
Manage your work and make it available to subscribers or the academic community.
Oversee any requests for reuse of your work.
Take action if there are any incidents of infringement or plagiarism.
Dental medium journal will always allow the author to self-archive the final peer-reviewed version in an institutional repository.
After assigning copyright, the author will retain the right to:
Copyright in a work does not last forever. Duration of copyright depends on the type of work and can differ across countries. However, for scholarly publications and academic articles, the duration is usually the life of the author plus 70 years.